Add Helper Classes to WordPress Navigation Menus

WordPress automatically outputs many helpful CSS class names for menus. If you use the wp_nav_menu() function to display your menus, as all good themes should do, you don’t have to settle for just the default class names.

The wp_nav_menu() function calls the wp_nav_menu_objects filter, which allows you to manipulate the menu objects before being converted into HTML and displayed on the site. One of the things you can do is add a few custom class names, like this:

// Add extra classes for the first and last items in all WordPress menus
add_filter( 'wp_nav_menu_objects', function ( $items ) {
   if ( ! empty( $items ) ) {
      $items[1]->classes[] = 'menu-item-first';
      $items[ count( $items ) ]->classes[] = 'menu-item-last';

   return $items;
} );

This adds a menu-item-first class to the first menu item and a menu-item-last class to the last menu item. These extra utility classes are helpful when styling menus in a custom theme.

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